Psoriasis: Non-Contagious But Chronic


Psoriasis is a non-contagious, chronic skin disorder characterized by sharply defined scaly lesions on the skin. The disorder is a chronic recurring condition which varies in severity from minor localized patches to full body coverage. The lesions or plaques may cover large areas of skin and merge into each other. Often the lesion appears in the same place on both right and left sides of the body. Lesions range in size and shape from individual to individual. Fingernails and toenails are frequently affected.


The patches are at first discrete but may subsequently become enlarged and produce a silvery-white surface scale. The surface scales come off easily and are shed constantly, but those below the surface are quite adherent. When forcibly removed, they may reveal small punctate areas of bleeding known as Auspitz’s signs. It is thought that some type of biochemical stimulus triggers the abnormal cell growth that characterizes psoriasis. A normal skin cell matures in 28 to 30 days, while a psoriatic cell moves to the top of the skin in 3 to 4 days. he redness of the underlying plaque is caused by the increased blood supply necessary to feed the area of rapidly dividing skin cells. Skin injury, emotional stress, and some forms of infection are thought to trigger the episodes.

 

The Areas Affected By The Infection


Psoriasis may involve only a small area of the body and yet have a severe impact on the person’s ability to function. Psoriasis of the palm or sole can be severe enough to be physically debilitating. For most people, psoriasis remains limited to one or two patches on the skin, most commonly on the scalp, elbows, trunk, and lower extremities.

 

The Treatments Available:


Psoriasis treatment aims to clear the skin of the psoriatic lesions for periods. There is a wide spectrum of treatment options available. Although all of the treatments are known to be effective for some patients, none are effective for all. In other words, response to treatment will vary from individual to individual.

 

Treatment Categories


– Treatments for psoriasis can be divided into three categories:


– topical agents (potions, lotions, and creams that are topically applied to the psoriatic     lesions);


– phototherapy (the use of ultraviolet light, either with or without a light activating agent);

 internal medications (pills and injections).


The use of drugs is usually reserved for only the most severe or non-responsive cases, primarily because of the additional risk of potential side effects.

The Major Causes of Hair Loss and Hair Fall

Hair growth can be seen everywhere on the human skin except on the palms of our hands and the soles of our feet. Hair is made up of a protein called keratin that is produced in hair follicles on the outer layer of skin. As follicles produce new hair cells, old cells are being pushed out through the surface of the skin at the rate of about six inches a year. in the form of a hair. The hair you can see is a string of dead protein keratin cells. The average adult head has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs and loses up to 100-150 of them a day; finding a few stray hairs on your hairbrush is not necessarily cause for alarm. Each follicle has its life cycle that can be influenced by age, disease, and a wide variety of other factors.

 

This life-cycle of Hair is Divided Into Three Phases:

 

1.Anagen

 

Anagen is the active hair growth that lasts between two to six years.

 

2.Catagen

 

Catagen is the transitional hair growth that lasts two to three weeks.

 

3.Telogen

 

Telogen is the resting phase of the hair cycle, it lasts about two to three months. The hair is shed out at the end of the resting phase and a new hair replaces it. Thus starting the new hair-cycle again.

 

The signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

 

 

– Gradual thinning on top of the head.

– Circular or patchy bald spots.

– Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body.

– Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.

 

Major Causes of Hair Loss:

 

The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary in males and females baldness patterns. Certain sex hormones also trigger hereditary hair loss during puberty.

Hair loss may occur due to major illnesses, surgeries, or traumatic events that can trigger hair loss. Normally, the hair starts growing back without treatment.

Temporary or permanent hormonal changes can cause temporary hair loss. Examples include pregnancy, childbirth, discontinuing the use of birth control pills and menopause. There are some medical conditions also that cause hair loss. These are thyroid disease, alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles), scalp infections like ringworm, diseases that cause scarrings, such as lichen planus and some types of lupus, can result in permanent hair loss because of the scarring.

 

Hair loss can also be due to medications used to treat:

 

– Cancer

– High blood pressure

– Arthritis

– Depression

– Heart problems

– A physical or emotional shock may trigger noticeable hair loss. Examples of this type of shock include:

– A death in the family

– Extreme weight loss

– A very high fever

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – Traction hair loss can be due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – A diet lacking in protein, iron, and other nutrients can also lead to thinning hair.

 

 

 

Nourish Your Skin To Fight Pigmentation


Today boys and girls are very conscious about the texture and colour of skin. Due to increased exposure to the changing fashions and cosmetics, the youth today is losing the softness and real beauty of the skin. Every day a new cream is launched for skin whitening and several teenagers are attracted to the advertisement.


Many people strive to attain a lighter, brighter, healthier-looking skin. If you want to lighten your skin, you need to take care of your skin daily. Learning to properly care for your skin on a day-to-day basis will help your skin stay bright and tight, and more substantial.


Though there are several scientific ways to lighten your skin, you can always try these home-remedies in the primary stages of pigmentation.

 

 You should use good sun-screen to protect your skin from the harmful ultra-violet rays of the sun. If not protected timely, it is one of the most common reasons for skin damage.

 

– Increase the intake of Vitamin-C to nourish your skin. Eat citrus fruits like oranges, mousambi and lemon to extra nourish your skin and make it glow naturally.

 

– Scrub your skin at least once a week to remove dirt and pollution from the small pores of your skin. If not cleaned timely this could result in Acne.

 

– To maintain the glow and shine you need to hydrate your skin daily at least twice. Once in the morning and once at night. You have to be very cautious while selecting the right moisturizer for your skin.

 

– Meditation- It is the best option to look beautiful. meditation releases stress and helps you regain confidence and overall health. It will help you regain the natural glow on your skin.

All You Should Know About Chemical Peeling

What is Chemical Peeling?

 

Normally, we all prefer cosmetic facials to add glow and shine on our face. We prefer visiting the best beautician in the town to get the best look and radiance back on our face. But, frankly speaking, these beauticians use cosmetics to your facials. Though, the effects are visible instantly, but, in the long run, these ordinary creams and facials give only superficial effects.

 

The thorough cleaning of skin from inside needs the help of Dermatologists. Chemical Peeling is one of those procedures prescribed by Dermatologists to cure the scars, wrinkles and blemishes permanently. Chemical peels are meant for the removal of the outermost layers of the skin, to regrow the fresh new flawless baby-skin. Eventually, the dead skin peels off resulting in a wound, the healing processes and regeneration of new tissues begin where you can see this regenerated new skin is less wrinkled and usually smoother than the old skin.

 

Peels are very effective in treating ageing, sun damage, acne, mild scarring, improving skin brightness, and evening skin tone. Peels can be light, moderate or deep. Light peels require less time from work and your normal activities. Moderate peels require a day or two, and deep peels require a week or more of downtime to allow the skin to fully heal.

 

Types of Chemical Peels

 

1. Alpha Hydroxy Acid Peels

 

Alpha hydroxy acids are found in sour milk and tomato juice such as glycolic acid. This is the mildest peel formula and it produces light peels for treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne.

 

2. Beta Hydroxy Acid Peels

 

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid, that is antibacterial and anti-inflammatory works well for acne.

 

3. Jessner’s Peel

 

It breaks the intracellular bridges between keratinocytes.

 

4. Retinoic Acid Peel

 

Retinoic acid is a retinoid. It is used to remove scars, wrinkles and pigmentation problems as it is deeper peel.

 

5. Phenol-Croton Oil Peel

 

Croton oil causes an intense caustic exfoliating reaction in the skin is an active ingredient in Phenol-croton oil peel.