Alopecia areata is an auto immune condition which comes with unexpected hair fall. It is an auto immune disorder that results into hair loss and people suffering from this condition witness small patch in the scalp from where the hair falls. There are multiple hair fall solutions for this condition such as medications and drugs suggested by specialists.
Alopecia areata develops suddenly and people suffering from this condition mostly have at least 1 family member experience this condition in the past. People facing hair loss due to alopecia areata can also experience sudden recovery without any medications or treatment.
So what are the causes and treatment options for this dreadful hair loss condition? Let’s find out:
Causes of Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata treatment is completely based on the cause of the condition and on the extremity of the condition. Alopecia areata is caused when the WBC’s or white blood cells attack the cells residing in the hair follicles. Due to this attack, the hair follicles shrink and this results in slower hair production. This basically makes the immune system target the hair follicles and create hair loss.
As per the studies, people with alopecia areata have at least 1 person in the family suffering from the same condition. Also the people with history of autoimmune disease or conditions can suffer from alopecia areata. This includes autoimmune disease like thyroiditis, atopy or vitiligo.
There are lesser evidences to support the fact that alopecia areata is caused due to stress. There are studies stating that stress is the prime trigger of alopecia areata and it is a genetic cause. There are ample of hair loss solutions that are also used for treating alopecia areata.
Alopecia Areata Treatments
There are certain medications that are suggested by specialists to treat this condition. These medications are to be applied on the scalp to improve hair growth in the bald areas. These medications are available at prescription offered by the doctors. Minoxidil is an OTC and can be applied on the affected area as a hair fall solution. It might take up to a year for showing results. Anthralin is a drug prescribed by doctors to improve hair re-growth. There are foams, corticosteroid creams such as Clobetasol and ointments that can improve the alopecia areata treatment.
There is a hair fall solution known as topical immunotherapy in which a chemical known as diphencyprone is applied to the scalp. This may increase hair growth within 6 months. This is an effective alopecia areata treatment that will induce hair re-growth from affected area.
There are steroid injections given to the patients facing tiny and small patches of baldness. Light therapy or photochemotherapy is also used as a modern alopecia areata treatment in which a radiation is used along with oral medications for treatment. There are some other treatments such as probiotics, microneeding, acupuncture, aromatherapy etc used as effective alopecia areata treatments.