Is Dandruff Breeding Infections In Your Scalp? Don’t Take It For Granted

Dandruff is a silent attacker. It sticks on your scalp and harmless until it starts feeding bacteria in it with the help of sweat secreted by our scalp. The basic symptoms of dandruff are an itchy scalp and flakiness. Red and greasy patches of skin and a tingly feeling on the skin are also symptoms. Sometimes, sticky flakes are falling off your head throughout the day, but, this symptom comes in the advanced stages of Dandruff.

According to a recent study, bacteria called Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus are major causes of dandruff formation. The bacterial formation is influenced by water and the sebum amount present on the scalp. But, majorly, the infection starts due to lack of hygiene, the bacteria and fungi get enough moisture, sweat and dirt to multiply and feed.

 

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis In Humans

 

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis occurs around the folds of the nose and eyebrow areas, not just the scalp. Dry, thick, well-defined lesions consisting of large, silvery scales start to appear. Inflammation along with redness and itching is characterized by heat, pain, swelling and sensitivity. Seasonal changes like monsoon, winters etc, stress, and immunosuppression seem to affect seborrheic dermatitis.

 

Facts About Dandruff

 

Here are some facts about Dandruff:-

– Dandruff is a common condition, but it is very embarrassing and difficult to treat.

– It is not purely related to hygiene, but washing and brushing the hair can help remove old skin flakes and also control the making of new ones.

– Risk factors during this disease include having certain skin or medical conditions and the use of inappropriate hair products.

– Various treatments are available over the counter, but more severe cases should be seen by a Dermatologist.

 

Treatment Of Dandruff

 

A wide variety of shampoos, conditioners and scalp products are available over the counter at most stores and pharmacies. These can control seborrheic dermatitis, but they cannot cure it. To cure the disease permanently, you need to consult a Dermatologist at priority.

Most anti-dandruff or anti-fungal shampoos contain at least one of the following active ingredients:

 

Ketoconazole:

An effective anti-fungal component. Shampoos containing this ingredient can be used at any age, it helps in controlling the spread of the disease.

 

Selenium Sulfide:

It controls the production of natural oils secreted by the glands in the scalp. It is also very effective

 

Zinc Pyrithione:

This component slows down the growth of yeast. The Yeast is somewhere responsible for the growth of Dandruff.

 

Coal Tar:

This has a natural anti-fungal agent. Coloured hair may become stained by long-term usage. Tar soaps may also make the scalp more sensitive to sunlight, so users should wear a hat when outside.

 

Salicylic Acids:

These help the scalp get rid of dead skin cells. They do not stop the reproduction of skin cells. Many “scalp scrubs” contain salicylic acids. This hair treatment can sometimes leave the scalp dry and make skin flaking even worse.

 

Tea-Tree oil:

This natural oil is also used to treat Acne, it is derived from the Australian Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia), many shampoos now include this ingredient. It has long been used as an anti-fungal, an antibiotic, and an antiseptic. Some people are allergic to it but most can use it.

 

Antifungal Treatments:

Antifungal treatments including ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione and selenium disulphide are effective

 

Home Remedies To Fight Dandruff

 

All remedies, precautions and treatments aim to stop dandruff by slowing down the reproduction of skin cells or counteracting the yeast production that might be the cause.
The strategy will depend on the patient’s age and the severity of the condition. There are some lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help you control the spreading of Dandruff. These include:

 

Managing Stress:

Stress triggers dandruff in some people, so managing it better can reduce symptoms.
Shampoo Regularly People with oily hair and scalp, washing daily can help to control Dandruff.

 

Sunlight::

Regular exposure to sunlight can be helpful in the control of the disease.

 

Tea-Tree oil:

Some people believe that preparations that include tea tree oil help reduce symptoms of dandruff. It can cause allergic reactions in some people, but several people suggest it as a powerful oil to control acne and dandruff.

Tips To Keep Your Hair Healthy

Hair has no natural lubrication of its own. It relies on the oils made in the hair root to keep your hair moisturized and looking lustrous. Your hair gets dry because our scalp doesn’t make enough oil to moisturize our hair. Brittle hair is not only difficult to manage, but it can easily break from mid-length due to a lack of moisture. Our hair doesn’t absorb very thick oils, it gets its moisture from the water and oil content in the sweat-like secretion from the roots of the hair.

 

Tips For Healthy Hair

 

It is easy to hydrate hair by easily available products. All it takes is a few changes to your hair care regime. You can make a few simple masks using ingredients from your fridge and cupboard. With some time, love, and care, your hair will be healthy, strong, and hydrated once again. You can use these tips for hair loss treatment.

 

Factors Responsible For Drying Of Hair

 

There are several factors responsible for the drying of hair, like, blow-drying, straightening, and curling your hair too often can cause it to become brittle and dry. Using too high temperatures on hair for styling can also cause damage. Prefer using ionic hair dryers, they infuse your hair with negatively-charged ions, which help seal moisture into the hair.
Blow-Drying, Straightening or Perming

 

Avoid blow dry, straightening, or curling your hair every day. Even with a heat protection spray, too much heat can be damaging. You can experiment with different hairstyles, such as natural curls, braids, ponytails, etc. Using a lower heat setting or temperature on your hairdryer, straightener, or curling iron will take longer to get the style you want, but it will be less harmful to your hair.

 

Excessive Use Of Shampoo

 

Using the right shampoo and conditioner, and avoiding anything that contains silicones and sulphates will further protect your hair from damage. Avoid washing your hair with extremely hot water, it can strip your hair (and skin) of its natural oils and moisture, leaving it feeling dry, brittle and dull. Silicones may help make your hair look shiny and smooth, but they can only be removed with sulphates. And if not removed properly, they lead to build-up, which can cause your hair to look limp and dull. Sulphates are harsh, cleaning agents found in many household cleaners. They are great at removing silicones, but they also leave hair feeling brittle and dry.

 

Excessive Washing Of Hair

 

Don’t wash your hair every day. The more often you wash your hair, the drier it will become. Take care of how you wash your hair. Use shampoo on your scalp, and conditioner on the ends of your hair for best results.

 

Dye, highlight, perm, all of these styling techniques use chemicals, which can cause your hair to become brittle and dry over time. Protect your hair from the elements, especially the wind and sun. Both of these can cause your hair to become brittle and dry and then lead to hair-loss or hair-fall.

 

By following these tips you can protect your hair from damage and dryness.

Psoriasis: Non-Contagious But Chronic


Psoriasis is a non-contagious, chronic skin disorder characterized by sharply defined scaly lesions on the skin. The disorder is a chronic recurring condition which varies in severity from minor localized patches to full body coverage. The lesions or plaques may cover large areas of skin and merge into each other. Often the lesion appears in the same place on both right and left sides of the body. Lesions range in size and shape from individual to individual. Fingernails and toenails are frequently affected.


The patches are at first discrete but may subsequently become enlarged and produce a silvery-white surface scale. The surface scales come off easily and are shed constantly, but those below the surface are quite adherent. When forcibly removed, they may reveal small punctate areas of bleeding known as Auspitz’s signs. It is thought that some type of biochemical stimulus triggers the abnormal cell growth that characterizes psoriasis. A normal skin cell matures in 28 to 30 days, while a psoriatic cell moves to the top of the skin in 3 to 4 days. he redness of the underlying plaque is caused by the increased blood supply necessary to feed the area of rapidly dividing skin cells. Skin injury, emotional stress, and some forms of infection are thought to trigger the episodes.

 

The Areas Affected By The Infection


Psoriasis may involve only a small area of the body and yet have a severe impact on the person’s ability to function. Psoriasis of the palm or sole can be severe enough to be physically debilitating. For most people, psoriasis remains limited to one or two patches on the skin, most commonly on the scalp, elbows, trunk, and lower extremities.

 

The Treatments Available:


Psoriasis treatment aims to clear the skin of the psoriatic lesions for periods. There is a wide spectrum of treatment options available. Although all of the treatments are known to be effective for some patients, none are effective for all. In other words, response to treatment will vary from individual to individual.

 

Treatment Categories


– Treatments for psoriasis can be divided into three categories:


– topical agents (potions, lotions, and creams that are topically applied to the psoriatic     lesions);


– phototherapy (the use of ultraviolet light, either with or without a light activating agent);

 internal medications (pills and injections).


The use of drugs is usually reserved for only the most severe or non-responsive cases, primarily because of the additional risk of potential side effects.

The Major Causes of Hair Loss and Hair Fall

Hair growth can be seen everywhere on the human skin except on the palms of our hands and the soles of our feet. Hair is made up of a protein called keratin that is produced in hair follicles on the outer layer of skin. As follicles produce new hair cells, old cells are being pushed out through the surface of the skin at the rate of about six inches a year. in the form of a hair. The hair you can see is a string of dead protein keratin cells. The average adult head has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs and loses up to 100-150 of them a day; finding a few stray hairs on your hairbrush is not necessarily cause for alarm. Each follicle has its life cycle that can be influenced by age, disease, and a wide variety of other factors.

 

This life-cycle of Hair is Divided Into Three Phases:

 

1.Anagen

 

Anagen is the active hair growth that lasts between two to six years.

 

2.Catagen

 

Catagen is the transitional hair growth that lasts two to three weeks.

 

3.Telogen

 

Telogen is the resting phase of the hair cycle, it lasts about two to three months. The hair is shed out at the end of the resting phase and a new hair replaces it. Thus starting the new hair-cycle again.

 

The signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

 

 

– Gradual thinning on top of the head.

– Circular or patchy bald spots.

– Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body.

– Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.

 

Major Causes of Hair Loss:

 

The most common cause of hair loss is hereditary in males and females baldness patterns. Certain sex hormones also trigger hereditary hair loss during puberty.

Hair loss may occur due to major illnesses, surgeries, or traumatic events that can trigger hair loss. Normally, the hair starts growing back without treatment.

Temporary or permanent hormonal changes can cause temporary hair loss. Examples include pregnancy, childbirth, discontinuing the use of birth control pills and menopause. There are some medical conditions also that cause hair loss. These are thyroid disease, alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles), scalp infections like ringworm, diseases that cause scarrings, such as lichen planus and some types of lupus, can result in permanent hair loss because of the scarring.

 

Hair loss can also be due to medications used to treat:

 

– Cancer

– High blood pressure

– Arthritis

– Depression

– Heart problems

– A physical or emotional shock may trigger noticeable hair loss. Examples of this type of shock include:

– A death in the family

– Extreme weight loss

– A very high fever

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – Traction hair loss can be due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.

– People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to pull out their hair, usually – A diet lacking in protein, iron, and other nutrients can also lead to thinning hair.

 

 

 

Nourish Your Skin To Fight Pigmentation


Today boys and girls are very conscious about the texture and colour of skin. Due to increased exposure to the changing fashions and cosmetics, the youth today is losing the softness and real beauty of the skin. Every day a new cream is launched for skin whitening and several teenagers are attracted to the advertisement.


Many people strive to attain a lighter, brighter, healthier-looking skin. If you want to lighten your skin, you need to take care of your skin daily. Learning to properly care for your skin on a day-to-day basis will help your skin stay bright and tight, and more substantial.


Though there are several scientific ways to lighten your skin, you can always try these home-remedies in the primary stages of pigmentation.

 

 You should use good sun-screen to protect your skin from the harmful ultra-violet rays of the sun. If not protected timely, it is one of the most common reasons for skin damage.

 

– Increase the intake of Vitamin-C to nourish your skin. Eat citrus fruits like oranges, mousambi and lemon to extra nourish your skin and make it glow naturally.

 

– Scrub your skin at least once a week to remove dirt and pollution from the small pores of your skin. If not cleaned timely this could result in Acne.

 

– To maintain the glow and shine you need to hydrate your skin daily at least twice. Once in the morning and once at night. You have to be very cautious while selecting the right moisturizer for your skin.

 

– Meditation- It is the best option to look beautiful. meditation releases stress and helps you regain confidence and overall health. It will help you regain the natural glow on your skin.

All You Should Know About Chemical Peeling

What is Chemical Peeling?

 

Normally, we all prefer cosmetic facials to add glow and shine on our face. We prefer visiting the best beautician in the town to get the best look and radiance back on our face. But, frankly speaking, these beauticians use cosmetics to your facials. Though, the effects are visible instantly, but, in the long run, these ordinary creams and facials give only superficial effects.

 

The thorough cleaning of skin from inside needs the help of Dermatologists. Chemical Peeling is one of those procedures prescribed by Dermatologists to cure the scars, wrinkles and blemishes permanently. Chemical peels are meant for the removal of the outermost layers of the skin, to regrow the fresh new flawless baby-skin. Eventually, the dead skin peels off resulting in a wound, the healing processes and regeneration of new tissues begin where you can see this regenerated new skin is less wrinkled and usually smoother than the old skin.

 

Peels are very effective in treating ageing, sun damage, acne, mild scarring, improving skin brightness, and evening skin tone. Peels can be light, moderate or deep. Light peels require less time from work and your normal activities. Moderate peels require a day or two, and deep peels require a week or more of downtime to allow the skin to fully heal.

 

Types of Chemical Peels

 

1. Alpha Hydroxy Acid Peels

 

Alpha hydroxy acids are found in sour milk and tomato juice such as glycolic acid. This is the mildest peel formula and it produces light peels for treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne.

 

2. Beta Hydroxy Acid Peels

 

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid, that is antibacterial and anti-inflammatory works well for acne.

 

3. Jessner’s Peel

 

It breaks the intracellular bridges between keratinocytes.

 

4. Retinoic Acid Peel

 

Retinoic acid is a retinoid. It is used to remove scars, wrinkles and pigmentation problems as it is deeper peel.

 

5. Phenol-Croton Oil Peel

 

Croton oil causes an intense caustic exfoliating reaction in the skin is an active ingredient in Phenol-croton oil peel.

Acne: Causes, Precaution & Cure

Acne is a chronic skin disease of infection in the hair follicles of the face, chest, neck, shoulders, and back. It occurs commonly in all teenagers and some adults during their puberty period. It happens due to infection in tiny pores of skin generally due to sweating and other air pollution sources. The dirt accumulates in the Sebaceous glands and causes acne.

 

Acne is found in several types depending on the place and reason for formation. About 85% of human beings between the ages of 12 and 24 experience pimples. Globally, acne influences approximately 650 million human beings and about 90% of human beings are in their teenage years, however, it can occur earlier than youth and might persist into adulthood. It impacts approx 54% of women and 40% of boys older than 25 years of age.

 

The Causes of Acne

 

One of the most basic reasons for Acne is the excessive secretion of oil from Sebaceous Glands in the skin. This oil when combines with the dust and bacteria it causes Acne. Even the Menstruation cycle has a deep relation with Acne. Sometimes, delay in Menstruation also causes the formation of small acne on forehead and cheeks.

 

Besides, the above-mentioned reasons there are several other reasons for Acne. Some major reasons are:-

 

  • A medication that contains high androgen, barbiturates, corticosteroids, and lithium.
  • Birth control pills.
  • Cosmetics that are too much greasy.
  • Hormonal changes during mensuration in women.
  • Mental stress cannot cause acne but if you have acne earlier than stress may make it worse.
  • A diet that is rich in refined sugars or carbohydrates, fats and oil.
  • Exposure to a highly polluted environment.
  • Too much dandruff on the scalp.
  • Use of dirty or rusted razors also at risk of developing acne.
  • Touching or piercing the pimples of other persons.

 

Treatment For Prevention / Cure of Acne

 

The best way for Acne treatment is to consult your Dermatologist timely because it’s only he, who can diagnose and cure the main cause of acne. Acne is curable if the ’cause’ is diagnosed timely. Even the acne scars are treatable.
Maintaining the basic hygiene of cleanliness can also control the formation of Acne.

What is ‘Pseudopelade of Brocq’? Still a Mystery!

‘Pseudopelade of Brocq’ is still a mystery. Researchers are still working on the cure for this disease. Though it does not affect the whole family, still its patches increase in size and number if ignored. It is an unusual form of permanent hair loss from the scalp. The reasons are still unknown. Normally, it is misunderstood as ‘Alopecia Areata’ and people think that it can be cured. Pseudopelade of Brocq is not an inflammatory form of alopecia and the hair loss seems to be due to atrophy of the hair follicles rather than scarring.

 

Features of Pseudopelade of Brocq

 

Pseudopelade of Brocq is often found as small patches of baldness like Alopecia Areata. The loss begins from the vertex, i.e the highest point on the scalp. The disease has some typical features which guide in the diagnosis at an early stage:-:

  1. Single or multiple
  2. Smooth
  3. Soft
  4. Slightly depressed
  5. Round or oval
  6. May merge to become larger and irregular in shape
  7. Asymptomatic
  8. Not scaly
  9. Skin-coloured
  10. May see pale red/pink around individual hairs initially
  11. Hairs may be easily pulled from the edges if active
  12. The bald areas have been described as looking like ‘footprints in the snow’.

Treatment of pseudopelade of Brocq

The disease spreads on the scalp and rarely seen in the beard area. as far as the cure is concerned it is still under process. The doctors and dermatologists are researching to find a stable cure for the disease to stop the permanent hair loss.

The Myths Regarding Laser Tattoo Removal

Since ancient times, Tattooing is in fashion. But, sooner or later it becomes boring to see the same pattern embossed on your body. Then it becomes very necessary to remove the tattoo. Not all but most of the tattoos are easily removed or lightened. Since, 1990, several Laser Tattoo Removal machines are launched along with several Salons for tattoo designing and removal.

Tattoo Removal: How Safe at Parlours or Salons.

 

Today, people are very particular about their looks and appearance. If they want to get something designed like their favorite star, they won’t think twice before doing that. But, at the same time, if they feel bored or monotonous with some tattoo or body paint, they will not wait for a second thought to get rid of it.

Ancient Methods of Tattoo Removal

 

Before the invention of Laser machines for removing tattoos, people used to get the upper layer of skin removed to get rid of the tattoo, even skin grafting was done to cover the tattoo with the new skin. but, today, laser treatments are very easy and safe for removing any kind of unwanted tattoo, scars or marks.

There are Several Myths Regarding Laser Tattoo Removal

 

Myth 1: It’s Safe To Get Tattoo Removed From Anywhere.

 

The youth gets attracted to the advertisements and media. They visit such untrained salons to get their Tattoos or scars removed. This is really very dangerous as these untrained people don’t know much about the different layers of skin and they treat you carelessly. This might result in some major problems in the future. So, it’s better to visit a Dermatologist to get rid of a tattoo or a Scar.

 

Myth 2: Laser Removal Is Simple.

 

Laser Treatment is not always a walk in the park.” It takes even months to remove an old and stubborn tattoo. The treatment involves the breaking of the skin’s surface to remove the ink and so the procedure is painful.

 

Myth 3  Anyone Can Get Tattoo Removed By Laser Treatment

 

People think that Laser Tattoo Removal is easy for everyone. But, It’s not the same in reality. The procedure becomes difficult with the darker skinned patients. So, there is no one exactly perfect for Laser Treatment.

 

Myth 4 All Tattoos Can Be Removed Easily By Laser Treatment

 

People think that it’s very easy to get a tattoo removed, but the reality is very different. The process includes acute supervision by a Dermatologist taking care of different aspects of possible reactions depending upon the skin type. The process might be easier in some cases but at the same time, it could be very painful on others depending upon the color of inks and patterns of the Tattoo.

So, if you’re planning to get a Tattoo removed, then don’t visit a Salon. Contact a dermatologist to get yourself properly treated.

Natural DHT Blocker Treatment

Today, Hair-Loss is more frightening than a horror movie! Youth all over the world is facing this common hair-loss problem on a large scale. Previously, hair-loss was related to old age only, but, now the scene is changed and even children in the early twenties are facing severe hair-loss. Due, to lack of knowledge, they get attracted to advertisements for fake treatments and land-up in a bigger problem.

 

Everyone wants healthy and dense hair on their scalp, be it a girl or a boy. There are hundreds of products available for stimulating hair growth, but, then you need to research the ingredients before you start the intake. These are in the form of pills and oils and sometimes shampoos. DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) Blockers are used to block the hormones which are responsible for hair loss.

 

People start the intake of these hormones without consulting the doctors and physicians, which results in hormonal im-balancement and other complications. There are several reasons for Hair-loss, it’s not always the DHT hormone, like Diabetes, Thyroid, prolonged fever and infection, Anaemia, etc. So, the first thing you should do when you see unusual hair-fall is to consult a reputed doctor rather than starting your own treatments.

The Precautions:

Here are a few precautions you should follow when you find an unusual hair-fall.

 

1. Presence of Biotin in Food.

Biotin is also known as Vitamin H, but actually, it is one of the B-Complex vitamins which is very necessary for hair, skin, eyes, liver and digestive system. You can start the regular intake of Biotin in your daily diet.

2. Increased intake of Pumpkin.

Pumpkin seeds have rare amino acids that are rich in DHT blocking properties. you can start a weekly intake of seeds or powder to avoid hair loss.

3. Caffeine.

Caffeine stimulates hair growth and natural glow on the skin. Controlled use of caffeine in diet could give good results.

4. Vitamin B6 and B12.

Vitamin B is easily washed off and destroyed as we clean and cook the food. normally, every second person is going through a deficiency of vitamin B, so a regular intake of Vitamin B could give better results on the overall growth of the body.