Skin Pigmentation is a very common skin problem among teenagers and adults. As we age, our skin tends to lose its natural glow and shine. Due to excessive exposure to sun-light and even sitting for long hours in closed offices causes skin pigmentation. Our skin needs fresh air and sunlight in a balanced proportion every day. Pigmentation is referred to as a phenomenon of skin colouring in patches. This happens as skin is having Melanin all over our body and it gives colour to our skin. But, when overexposed to harsh sunlight it gets heated up and starts the tanning of the skin of that area, thus creating a dark patch on that area. This process of excessive production of Melanin causing dark patches on the skin is called Hyperpigmentation. On the other hand, if due to certain reasons the quantity of secretion of Melanin reduces causing discolouration on the skin is called Hypopigmentation.
There are several reasons for pigmentations and thus a proper treatment by a good dermatologist is always a better option. If ignored then it might lead to several other skin related problems which leads to oxidative stress and slow degradation of various components of the skin which include:
Loss of Collagen and Elastin
Due to increased exposure to dirt, dust and strong lights natural or artificial, our skin tends to lose its elasticity and firmness. This is a major cause of the sagging of skin.
Increased Water Loss Through The Skin
Due to increased pressure on the skin, the pores on the skin get lose and open. These open pores start losing water through the skin which leads to dull and dry skin.
Uneven Skin Tone And Improper Skin Texture
Open skin pores cause acne and freckles. The dust accumulates in the open pores and causes acne when mixed with sweat. This requires regular cleaning of the skin and we should intake lots of water to hydrate the skin.
Consulting a Dermatologist is recommended for skin rejuvenation in Indore to reduce skin ageing and other skin diseases. There are several options available for treating skin pigmentation. The best one is skin whitening by peel.